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Pavitrā Ekādaśī

The glories of Pavitrā ekādaśī is described in Bhaviśyottara
Purāṇa in the conversation between Lord Kṛṣṇa and Mahārāja

Once Mahārāja Yudhiṣṭhira said to Kṛṣṇa, “O
Madhusūdana!, the killer of Madhu demon. What is the name
and glories of the ekādaśī which occurs during the waxing
moon in the month of July/August. Please explain it to me in

Lord Kṛṣṇa replied, “O King! The name of this sacred
ekādaśī is Pavitrā ekādaśī. Now please hear attentively the
topics of this ekādaśī which destroys ones sinful reaction. By
hearing the glories of this ekādaśī one obtains the result of
Vājapeya sacrifice.

In an ancient time in the beginning of Dvāpara-yuga there
was a King named Mahījita who ruled the kingdom named
Māhiṣmatī-purī. But since the king had no sons he did not feel
any happiness in conducting his activities. A married man
who has no son does not get any happiness either in this life

or in the next. The King spent many years in trying to get a
son, but he was not fortunate enough to get a jewel like son
who would give him all pleasure.

Realizing his own pathetic condition one day the king
called his subjects whom he treated as his children to the royal
assembly and said to them, O dear subjects I have never
committed any sinful activity in this life, I did not increase my
treasury by unlawfully earned wealth, I did not plunder the
wealth of the brāhmaṇas and the demigods, rather I have
conquered this world by following the proper code of
conduct, I have maintained all of you like my own children, I
have never hesitated to award due punishment even to my
dear ones like my brother and relatives according to their
faults and I have showed due respect to even my enemy if he
was gentle and pious.

O brāhmaṇas in spite of traveling on the
religious path like this why I am bereft of a son? Please
consider carefully the reason behind this and advise me.

After hearing these lamenting words of King Mahījita, the
kings’ brāhmaṇa advisers discussed the subject matter among
themselves and decided that for the benefit of the king they
would go to the forest and visit the āśramas of the great sages
who know the past, present and future. That is exactly what
they did. They entered the forest and while wandering here
and there they came across the various āśramas of the great
sages. Finally they met Lomaśa Muni who was engaged in
severe austerities, whose body was spiritual and full of bliss,
who strictly observed the vow of fasting, who was self
controlled, who knew the science of Eternal Religious
Principle, who was well conversant with the knowledge of all
the scripture, whose duration of life was as long as that of
Brahmā and who was an effulgent saint. When a kalpa23 of
Brahmā passes one hair (loma) out of his body falls out that is
why the name of the sage is Lomaśa. The sage Lomaśa was the
knower of past, present and future.

(The duration of the material universe is limited. It is manifested in
cycles of kalpas. A kalpa is a day of Brahmā, and one day of Brahmā
consists of a thousand cycles of four yugas or ages: Satya, Tretā,
Dvāpara, and Kali.)

Enchanted by this great sage, the advisers of the king
offered their obeisances to him and spoke with humility. “O

great sage! Due to our great fortune we have met a great soul
like you. The sage Lomaśa inquired who are you all? Why
have you come here? Why are you praising me like this. The
brāhmaṇas replied O great sage! We have come to you for
removing some of our doubts. O Lord! Our king Mahījita has
no sons. We are his subjects and we are treated by the king as
his own children. We are feeling distressed on seeing the
distress of the King. O best of the brāhmaṇa we want to strictly
under go austerity here. It is the good fortune of the king that
today we met a great personality like you. By the darśana of a
great personality a man certainly attains all perfections. Please
instruct us in such a way so that our son-less king can have a

After hearing their sincere prayers the sage Lomaśa
entered into a deep meditation for a movement and
immediately understood the king Mahījita’s previous life. He
then said in his previous life this king was a poor Vaiśya or a
Merchant. He committed a sinful deed. Once while traveling
from village to village in the course of his business he became
overwhelmed with thirst. It was the midday of dvādaśī in the
month of July. Soon he found a beautiful lake and decided to
drink its water. At that time a cow and her newly born calf
came there to drink water. As the cow began to drink water
from the lake the merchant immediately drove her away and
began to drink water himself. As a result of obstructing and
unsatisfying thirsty cow from drinking water the merchant
had committed a sin. For this reason though the merchant
who by the influence of his piety has now been born as a King
Mahījita, but he has got no son.

On hearing these words of the great sage the kings
advisers said, “O great sage! It is stated in the Purāṇas that by
the influence of piety all ones sinful reactions are counter
acted. Therefore please instruct us in such a way that all the
sinful reactions of the king may be destroyed and he can
obtain a son.

The great sage Lomaśa replied, There is a famous
auspicious ekādaśī known as Pavitrā ekādaśī which occurs
during the waxing moon in the month of July/August. You
and your King should properly observe this ekādaśī. Thereafter
you should give away your piety that you will earn by
observing this ekādaśī. If you follow my instruction then the
King will certainly be blessed with a son. After hearing these
words from sage Lomaśa all the kings advisers became happy
and satisfied. They offered their obeisances to the sage and
returned home. Then they meet king Mahījita and explained
to him in detail whatever they have heard from the great sage

Thereafter when the proper time arrived the kings advisers
remembered the advice of the sage and properly observed the
vow of Pavitrā ekādaśī along with the king. On the day of
dvādaśī they gave away their accumulated piety to the king as
advised by the sage. By the influence of this piety the queen
became pregnant and in due course of time she gave birth to a
beautiful son.

O King Yudhiṣṭhira! Any one who observes this sacred
ekādaśī is relieved from sinful reactions and becomes happy
both in this life and in the next. One who hears the glories of
this ekādaśī obtains the happiness derived from having a son in
this life and goes back to godhead in his next life.

Ekādaśī is the mother of Kṛṣṇa- Bhakti, love and affection. If you do not follow ekādaśī, Kṛṣṇa- Bhakti will never come.