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Putradā Ekādaśī

The glories of Putradā ekādaśī which occurs during the waxing moon in the month of December/January is described in Bhaviṣya-uttarā Purāṇa in the conversation between Lord Kṛṣṇa and Mahārāja Yudhiṣṭhira.

Lord Kṛṣṇa said to Yudhiṣṭhira, “My dear king the ekādaśī which occurs during the waxing moon in the month of December/January is called Putradā. By observing this ekādaśī all ones sinful reactions are counteracted. People become learned and famous by following this ekādaśī. Now please hear the glories of this auspicious ekādaśī.”

There was a city named Bhadrāvatī. A king named Suketumāna ruled this city. The name of his queen was Śaibyā. Since they had no son both the king and queen lived their lives with distress. They spend most of their times in religious activities. Because the king and the queen were afflicted with lamentation. The water that they offered during the time of their offering oblation to their forefathers appeared hot to the forefathers. The forefathers were also worried thinking that after the King Suketumāna no one will offer them oblations. Knowing this distress of the forefathers the king became even more morose. He did not feel any pleasure
in the association of his friends, well-wishers and ministers.

Being merged in the lamentation and hopelessness the king considered that without the son a human life is useless. It is impossible to become free from the debts to the demigods, to the forefather and to the human beings without possessing son. Without heaps of pious activities and devotion to Viṣṇu one cannot possess sons, wealth and knowledge. After concluding in this way the morose King secretly left for the forest for his own benefit riding on a horse.

The King Suketumāna entered in the forest which is inhabited by birds and beasts and began to search for a place to take rest. Within the dense forest the King saw various trees such as Banyan, Pippala, Date, Tamarind, Palm, Śāla, Maulasiri, Saptaparṇa, Tilaka, Tamāla, Sarala, Hingota, Arjuna, Lavhera, Behaḍā (Bibhītakḥ), Śallakī, Pāṭala, Catechu and Palāśa as well as various animals such as tigers, lions, wild elephant, Deer, Wild Pigs, Monkeys, Snake , Leopardsand Hares. Then the King instead of resting began to wonder
through the forest. The King became scared and surprised by hearing the howling of the Jackals, sounds of the owls.

Wondering in this way in all directions the king became very tired. It was midday and the King was very thirsty. He thought that though I have pleased the demigods through worship and sacrifices, maintained my subjects like my own children and satisfied the brāhmaṇas by offering them foodstuffs and dakṣiṇā. Yet why am I suffering like this today.

Being absorbed in this thought King Suketumāna wondered hither and thither. Suddenly He saw a lake which was as beautiful as the Mānasa-sarovara filled with lotuses. Many Swans Cakravāka and Cakora birds were sporting in the waters of that lake. On seeing some sages chanting Vedic mantras on the bank of this lake the King got down from his horse and offered obeisances to each of them separately. The sages became pleased by the Kings behavior and asked him O king, We are pleased with you please ask us for some
benediction.

The King Said who are all of you, ‘ Why have you come to his lake? The sages replied, We are Viśvadevas, We have come here to take bath. Today is the auspicious Putradā ekādaśī. If a person desirous of a son observes this vow, he is certainly benedicted with a son.

The king said, I have tried so many things to get a son; but till today I have not been successful. Since all of you are pleased with me kindly bless me with a beautiful son. Then the sages instructed today is Putradā ekādaśī o King, observe this ekādaśī with great care; then by the mercy of the Lord and by our blessing you will certainly receive a son.

Thereafter according to the instruction of the sages the king observed the auspicious Putradā ekādaśī. On the next day he broke his fast and after repeatedly offering obeisances to the sages returned to his Palace.

In due course of time Queen Śaibyā became pregnant. By the blessing of the sages and the influence of the piety accumulated by observing Putradā ekādaśī the King begot a pious and brilliant son. Thereafter the King happily ruled his Kingdom and his forefathers also became satisfied.

Lord Kṛṣṇa continued—O King Yudhiṣṭhira by following this Putradā ekādaśī one can get a son and attain heavenly planets. Any one who hears or sings the glories of this ekādaśī certainly achieves the results of Aśvamedha Sacrifice.

Ekādaśī is the mother of Kṛṣṇa- Bhakti, love and affection. If you do not follow ekādaśī, Kṛṣṇa- Bhakti will never come.