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Eight Mahā-dvādaśīs

In this regard one should also know the topics of eight Mahā-dvādaśīs. These topics are described in Brahma-vaivarta Purāṇa in the conversation between Śrī Sūta Gosvāmī and Śaunaka Ṛṣi.

Śrī Sūta Gosvāmī said, “O learned brāhmaṇa! Unmīlanī, Vyañjulī, Trispṛśā, Pakṣavardhinī, Jayā, Vijayā, Jayantī and Pāpanāśanī—These are the eight Mahā-dvādaśīs. They are most auspicious and destroy all ones sinful reactions. Among these eight Maha-dvādaśīs the first four occur according to the tithi or day and the later four occurs according to nakṣatra or star.

Nevertheless all of them destroy heaps of sinful reactions.”

The specialties of eight Mahā-dvādaśīs are ascertained as follows.

1. If an ekādaśī extends on the day of dvādaśī, but the day of dvādaśī does not extend then it is called Unmīlanī Mahādvādaśī.
It destroys all ones sinful reactions.

2. If an ekādaśī does not extend to the day of dvādaśī, but the day of dvādaśī Extends onto the day of trayodaśī then it is
called Vyañjulī Mahā-dvādaśī. It counteracts unlimited sins.

3. If an ekādaśī extends up to the sunrise on the day of dvādaśī and the dvādaśī extends up to the sunrise of trayodaśī then it is called Trispṛśā Mahā-dvādaśī. This Mahā-dvādaśī is extremely dear to Lord Hari.(But if the above mentioned ekādaśī is conjoined with daśamī then it will not be a Trispṛśā Mahā-dvādaśī).

4. If an Amāvasyā or Pūrṇimā extends then the dvādaśī which comes prior to them is known as Pakṣavardhinī Mahādvādaśī.
Instead of observing a fast on ekādaśī one should observe fast on dvādaśī.
These above mentioned four dvādaśīs are ascertained according to the conjunction of the days.

5. It is stated in Brahma-purāṇa in the conversation between sage Vasiṣṭha and King Māndhātā that if the Nakṣatra called Punarvasu touches the day of dvādaśī of the waxing moon then it is called Jayā Mahā-dvādaśī. This Mahā-dvādaśī is most auspicious among all the tithis.

6. It is written in Viṣṇu-dharmottara that when Śravaṇa Nakṣatra conjoins with the dvādaśī of the waxing moon it is called Vijayā Mahā-dvādaśī. Since Śrī Vāmanadeva appeared during Śravaṇa Nakṣatra this Maha-dvādaśī is unlimitedly glorious. Moreover if such a Mahā-dvādaśī occurs on a Wednesday in the month of August then its glories are indescribable. On that day one should particularly discuss the topics of Śrī Vāmanadeva.

7. If a dvādaśī of the waxing moon is conjoined with Rohiṇīnakṣatra then it is the all auspicious Jayantī Mahā-dvādaśī. It destroys all ones sinful reactions. Since Lord Kṛṣṇa appeared during Rohiṇī-nakṣatra this Jayantī Mahā-dvādaśī is extremely glorious. On this day one should discuss the past times of Lord Kṛṣṇa’s birth etc.,

8. It is stated in Brahma-purāṇa that if a dvādaśī of the waxing moon is conjoined with Puṣya-nakṣatra then it is called Pāpanāśinī Mahā-dvādaśī. By observing a fast on this day one can obtain the result of observing one thousand ekādaśīs. If this Pāpanāśinī Mahā-dvādaśī occurs in the month of March then it awards unlimited piety.

Although various results of these vows are described in the scriptures, an intelligent pure devotee should totally give up desire for results which aim at full filling their own sense gratification and aspire for pure devotional service which aim at gratifying Kṛṣṇa’s senses. He should consider the love of god as the supreme goal of life.

When ever these eight Mahā-dvādaśīs arrive the pure devotees should protect the prestige of Mahā-dvādaśī even if they have to give up the previous ekādaśī. By observing a Mahā-dvādaśī the observance of ekādaśī is automatically completed and Lord Hari will also be greatly pleased.

Ekādaśī is the mother of Kṛṣṇa- Bhakti, love and affection. If you do not follow ekādaśī, Kṛṣṇa- Bhakti will never come.